Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Treatment Shows Potential for Knee Osteoarthritis
Source: Science Daily
A study by researchers from Hospital for Special Surgery has shown that platelet-rich plasma (PRP) holds great promise for treating patients with knee osteoarthritis. The treatment improved pain and function, and in up to 73% of patients, appeared to delay the progression of osteoarthritis, which is a progressive disease. The study appears online, ahead of print, in the Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine.
Vitamin D May Help Maintain Stronger Muscles
Vitamin D supplementation should be examined as a strategy to maintain muscle strength in adults, according to research published in the official journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. This study, in the January edition of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®, shows that research participants with higher levels of vitamin D also had more muscle strength even after adjusting for multiple other factors.
Embrace the Knee Brace
It's been established that braces for the knees can provide relief from pain and protection from injury. But until now, not much was known on whether knee braces can pinpoint pain in the kneecap.
Knee braces can ease pain from osteoarthritis specifically in the kneecap, according to a study recently presented at a conference.
The findings show that the brace is a step forward from relying on painkillers and reducing the chances of needing joint surgery, according to researchers.
Better posture can help ease shoulder pain from impingement
Source: UT Sandiego
Shoulder pain from impingement occurs frequently as the rotator cuff tendons and sometimes a bursal sac get pinched under the roof of the shoulder blade or the acromion. People with a downward slope of the acromion, or who have developed bone spurs from arthritis in the adjacent acromioclavicular (AC) joint, are more susceptible to developing such impingement.
The mechanism causing this disorder may be a gradual or sudden elevation of the ball of the shoulder joint, squishing the described soft tissues against the acromion roof. The rotator cuff muscles are responsible for keeping the ball of the shoulder joint down and away from the roof as we elevate the arm.
No Time to Hesitate Before Hip Surgery
Older adults who take a bad fall or blow to the hip might need to act quickly. If the hip's fractured, there's no time to delay.
A study recently presented at a conference found that delaying surgery to treat a fractured hip more than two days increased the odds of dying by about 10 percent.
Arthroscopic surgery for torn shoulder muscles in elderly patients can reduce pain
Source: News Medical
Repairing torn shoulder muscles in elderly patients is often discouraged because of fears of complications. But a new study conducted at Rush University Medical Center has shown that minimally invasive, or arthroscopic, surgery can significantly improve pain and function.
The study has just been published online in Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery and will appear in the October issue.
"In people over the age of 70, pain is the main issue, and pain relief is a fairly reliable outcome after surgery," said orthopedic surgeon Dr. Nikhil Verma, who led the study. "Patients do not require that their shoulder function be fully restored. They just want the pain to be gone." Verma is assistant professor of orthopedic surgery at Rush.
With that requirement, Verma said, "age is not a contraindication" for the surgery.
Causes and treatment of chronic shoulder pain explained
Source: The Times of India
The shoulder isn't a single unit, but a combination of several joints that combine with tendons and muscles.
Your shoulders allow a wide range of motions in the arm - right from scratching your back to throwing a ball. Sometimes, the mobility of one's shoulder may cause an impingement of the soft tissue and create issues of stability and movement. Thus, today, we will have a look at the common causes and general treatment options of chronic shoulder pain.
Low Rates of Knee Arthritis in Women
Source: Daily Rx
Knee osteoarthritis is one of the main health burdens in the United States. Because of this condition, there is a need to better understand the course of disease to prevent and slow knee arthritis.
Middle-age women develop osteoarthritis at fairly low rates. However, in women who already have the condition, symptoms are likely to get worse within 15 years.
Urine test can indicate a woman's risk of bone fracture, Pitt study finds
Source: Medical News Today
A simple urine test can indicate a premenopausal woman's risk of suffering bone fractures as she ages, according to new research led by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH) epidemiologists.
"Bone fractures - particularly in the hip, wrist and back - have serious consequences, including disability and death," said Jane Cauley, Dr.P.H., professor of epidemiology, GSPH, and lead author of the study. "Knowing a woman's risk of fracture can help doctors determine the best course of action to protect her bones as she enters menopause, a time when estrogen deficiency negatively affects skeletal health."
Knee ligament injuries may be more common in men: study
Men have a greater number of knee ligament injuries than women, despite research suggesting that women's knees are more prone to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears and surgeries to fix them, according to a Swedish study.
The report, published in the American Journal of Sports medicine, counted the injuries across the entire Swedish population, not just among players of particular sports or in certain regions.
Pediatric patients fare better with ACL reconstruction technique
Source: Medical News Today
A new study demonstrates the superiority of a specific technique to perform anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in children. In recent years, the number of ACL surgeries in pediatric athletes has skyrocketed.
Performing ACL reconstruction in patients who are still growing is difficult. The ACL can be thought of as a rope that connects the thighbone to the shinbone. The rounded ends of the thighbone and shinbone are called epiphyses and the ACL dangles between them. Open growth plates are located directly behind the epiphyses in children and adolescents, but not in adults.
What is knee replacement surgery? What is knee arthroplasty?
Source: Medical News today
Replacement surgery in a damaged knee joint by placing an artificial prosthesis will alleviate pain and help better movement of the knee.
For most patients, a replacement knee surgical procedure will last for at least 15 to 20 years, especially if cared for properly and not put under too much strain. More than 90% of people who have total knee replacement surgery experience a dramatic decrease in knee pain and a significant improvement in their ability to perform common activities of daily living.
Common Shoulder Injury Treated Non-Surgically May Increase Chances of Return-To-Play
Surgically repairing a painful shoulder injury in baseball players known as a SLAP tear (superior labral) varies widely and often doesn't allow for return to play at the same level as before the injury. However, researchers presenting their findings at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Baltimore, Maryland suggest that nonsurgical treatment may be more beneficial.
Autograft hip reconstruction provides good outcomes for athletes
A common, painful hip condition in elite athletes may be able to be repaired with an improved surgical technique, according to researchers presenting their work at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Baltimore, Maryland.
Effect of timing of surgery in partially injured ACLs
This study demonstrates an important and clinically relevant finding, adding support to the theory that early surgical reconstruction of partially injured ACLs is beneficial for protecting the intact bundle and menisci and promotes patients resuming a normal life. The results of the current study indicate that as the time between partial injury of the ACL and surgery increases, the risk of secondary loosening of the intact bundles and associated lesions increased gradually; therefore, the ruptured band of the ACL should be reconstructed early, which may not result in arthrofibrosis.
Treating traumatic shoulder injuries: new standards to improve patient care
Traumatic shoulder injuries that result in a patient visit to the ER often contain a secondary injury that can cause pain and discomfort in that part of the body after the primary injury has healed. By focusing on the primary injury, radiologists sometimes miss the secondary injury, which can compromise treatment effectiveness. Trainees in the Brigham and Women's Hospital Radiology Residency Program developed new protocols aimed at drawing ER radiologists' attention to the potential presence of secondary shoulder injuries. Better identification of these injuries could lead to improved patient outcomes.